The Origin of the Song, “Isa Lei”

If you have ever traveled to Fiji, you were probably very fortunate to hear the “Isa Lei” which is the beautiful traditional song of farewell that Fijians sing to departing visitors. Melodic and inspiring, its sweet notes rise in layers of hymn-like stanzas. In fact, the tune is so popular that it is not uncommon to hear it many parts of the Pacific Islands region. Although you can find different versions on YouTube, click here to listen to one cut that was made popular in the 1960’s by the Australian Folk band, The Seekers. Fijians have melodious singing voices and it is only appropriate to share a version of the song sung by the locals as well- click here for the example.

But what is the origin of this famous Fijian farewell song?

Matilda Simmons recently published an article in The Fiji Times answering this same question:

For many years, the rivalry over where this song came from had been a bone of contention between Tongans and Fijians.

One version holds that the late turaga bale na Tui Nayau, Ratu Tevita Uluilakeba, composed the song in 1916 for Adi Litia Tavanavanua (1900-1983), when she visited Tubou, Lakeba, in 1916.

While the Fiji Museum revealed Uluilakeba’s manuscript showing he composed the song in 1918 while he was in training as a civil servant in Suva. Tevita Uluilakeba was the father of Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, the former president and prime minister of Fiji.

On January 18, 1962, The Fiji Times interviewed the Tongan Crown Prince and Premier, Prince Tungi who supported the Tongan noble, Hon Tuivakano who said the song originates from Tonga. Prince Tungi said Tuivakano — then named Siaosi Kiu — was one of a group of singers who formed part of the retinue of his father, the late Prince Tungi, consort of Queen Salote. “The singers were in some ways like the ancient troubadours,” Prince Tungi was quoted as saying. “They sang about the happenings of the day, carried messages in song, and composed words and music suitable for events as they occurred.”

When Prince Tungi’s father became engaged to Queen Salote, Tuivakano wrote a song of love in honor of the occasion. Soon after, it was said, Ratu Tevita Uluilakeba, the Tui Nayau at the time, heard the song sung by the Tongan visitors to Fiji.

“The story as I have heard it,” said Prince Tungi, “is that Ratu Tevita asked Inoke Sateki, then a forestry assistant, to write Fijian words to the same tune in honor of a young woman of rank who was living in Fiji. “In Tonga the song is invariably sung with the Tongan, and then the Fijian words,” Prince Tungi added. “Only in Fiji is it sung with the Fijian words alone.”

The Tongan love song was known then as “Ise isa viola lose hina” in memory of the then Princess Salote (later Queen Salote) of Tonga.

Matters were put to rest when the late Tui Nayau himself confirmed to The Fiji Times the actual story. Over a radio telephone link from Lakeba, Lau, Ratu Tevita said the music originated from Tonga but he wrote the iTaukei words.

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About islandculturearchivalsupport

Island Culture Archival Support (ICAS) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the preservation of records pertaining to the cultural identity of island peoples in Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia whose national and public archives, libraries, cultural centers, and business organizations are underprivileged, underfunded, and understaffed. The specific purpose for which this nonprofit corporation was formed is to support the needs of these South Pacific cultural heritage institutions by helping to preserve and make accessible records created for business, accountability or cultural purposes. The organization will endeavor to add value by providing resources or volunteers to advise, train, and work among island residents to support their efforts in building their future and preserving their collective memory through the use of modern archival techniques.
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